Lushan Scenic Area, Jiangxi Province
Mount Lu, or Lushan in Jiangxi Province is a cradle of Chinese civilization. Buddhism and Taoism temples and the White Deer Cave Academy representing Neo-Confucianism are uniquely blended into highly aesthetical natural scenery and form a precious cultural landscape which is closely entwined with the Chinese national spirit and cultural life.
Located south of Jiujiang City in Central China’s Jiangxi Province, Lushan adjoins the Yangtze River in the north and Poyang Lake in the east. Covering a gross land area of 302Km2, the mountain is long along the south-north direction and narrow in the east-west direction. Lushan has a total of over 90 peaks, with Dayanyang Peak as the highest at 1,473.4m above sea level. Numerous canyons, caves, waterfalls and ravines are scattered between the peaks, giving rise to great topographic diversity.
Well-known for its “rare, elegant, precipitous and grand” scenery, Lushan has long enjoyed the reputation of being “the rarest scenery under heaven”. Currently, it mainly consists of 12 scenic areas, 37 scenic spots and 230 landscape scenes. Legend puts Lushan as “A Fairy Cottage”. A vast lake makes Lushan cool and misty in summer. Average foggy weather runs 191 days long. Diffusive clouds add extra charm and mystery to Lushan.
Lushan is an ancient mountain which encompasses scenery, cultural, religious, educational and political significance. It is the cradle of Chinese landscape poetry. Since ancient times, numerous men of letters have come to Lushan, leaving over 4,000 poems behind. Eminent monk Huiyuan of the Jin Dynasty (334～416AD) built the Donglin Temple in Kushan and founded the Pureland Buddhism school, making Lushan an important religious site in feudal China. The White Deer Cave Academy, which still remains today, was an academic center of education and neo-Confucianism in ancient China. Lushan also gathers architectural masterpieces of all styles, including Roman and Gothic churches, Byzantine architecture blending Eastern and Western art forms Japanese-style buildings and Islamic mosques, which form the best part of Lushan National Park. Lushan boasts of not only unrivalled natural scenery but also splendid cultural treasures.